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    Frequently Asked Questions


    WHAT DO YOU NEED FROM A PALLET?

    A pallet must be resilient to carry all loads, rackable, affordable, environmentally friendly, traceable (RFID), lightweight to save on airfreight fuel costs, safe to use, compact for easy storage. However, there is no ideal pallet that meets all these requirements.

    WHY ARE WOOD PALLETS STILL POPULAR?

    Wood pallets are basically reliable, perform the job well, and have been around a long time. However, times are changing. Environmental concerns, weight related higher fuel costs and workplace injuries are reasons why users should consider alternatives. 

    WHAT ARE OTHER ALTERNATIVES TO WOOD PALLET?

    Metal Aluminium pallet – Strong but heavy and costly. Plastic pallet – Durable and light but more costly than wood, but price gaps are narrowing. Airfreight lightweight pallet – Lightest durable pallet in the world, but most costly. Airfreight weight savings more than offset the cost. Paper pallet – lighter than wood, but cannot rack and withstand rigorous handling. It disintegrates or softens upon contact with water or moisture.  

    WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH WOOD PALLETS?

    While wood pallet remains popular, there are many issues such as:

    Weight
    For a commonly used wood pallet 1.2 x 1.0m, the weight is about 15kg versus plastic pallet at 5.7 kg. When you are shipping goods by less than container loads or by air, heavy wood pallets will lead to higher freight costs and hence lesser profits.
    Moreover, wood pallets are difficult for workers to carry. Often a forklift is required to move empty pallets around the warehouse.

    Durability
    Wood pallets often require repair after initial use, they are easily damaged by forklift. For this reason, they are often discarded after one trip.

    Environmental concerns
    Wood pallets are often thrown away and only small percentage is recycled. Governments worldwide are encouraging the use of “green materials”. Plastic pallets use resins which can be recycled and therefore more “green”.

    Insects
    Wood pallets are vulnerable to insect and plant diseases. For this reason, wood pallets require fumigation and heat treatment. The treatment costs extra money and takes time.

    Wood pallets are poor choice for shipment of food products. Moreover countries in Europe,  Australia, China, Malaysia, Indonesia and many others ( Details in ISPM No. 15) are beginning to place restrictions on the use of wood pallets.

    Workplace hazards
    Wood pallets are not only heavy but present a safety hazard with exposed nails and staples. Workers risk injuries when handling wood pallets.

    Bulky
    Wood pallets occupy significant storage space due to its bulkiness. It may not be worthwhile to keep them for reuse especially when storage space is expensive.


    WHAT PALLETS DOES SIMAX OFFER?

    SIMAX offers the most popular size plastic, airfreight and paper pallets that are lightweight, affordable and durable. Sizes are 1.2 x 0.8m, 1.2 x 1.0m, 1.1 x 1.1m. Dynamic load capacity ranges from 500 kg to 1.5 tons. 

    WHAT IS A 2-WAY & 4-WAY ENTRY?

    2 way – pallet jack or forklift can enter and be retrieved on 2 opposite sides of the pallet.
    4 way – pallet jack or forklift can enter and be retrieved on all sides of the pallet.


    WHY IS A LIGHTWEIGHT AIRFREIGHT PALLET COST EFFECTIVE?

    For shippers who pay by weight and air cargo users, lighter pallets can save money. Lightweight pallets are easier to handle. Workers can easily carry up to 5 pieces ( 1.5 kg each) lightweight pallets at a time as compared to one wood pallet. Also there is no risk of injuries to workers as plastic lightweight pallets come as a single piece and there are no protruding nails or splinters like wood pallets. Lightweight airfreight pallets save airfreight weight costs. Savings will more than offset its higher price for one single use.

    IF I SHIP MAINLY FULL CONTAINERS, HOW WILL A LIGHTWEIGHT AIRFREIGHT PALLET SAVE ME MONEY?

    Full containers are charged a flat rate per container. But many shippers run into weight restrictions. By using lighter pallets, you can load more freight onto every container before reaching the limit. This additional freight reduces total shipping costs.

    ALTHOUGH THERE ARE LIGHTWEIGHT AIRFREIGHT, PAPER AND PLASTIC PALLETS, MANY PEOPLE STILL USE WOOD. WHY IS THAT?

    Many people are still used to using wood pallets which can carry heavy loads of up to 2 tons and meet most requirements. However, plastic pallets carry up to 1 ton and can meet most requirements as well. People should consider using plastic pallet as it is becoming more popular and affordable.

    MOST LIGHTWEIGHT PALLETS CAN’T RACK, AND THOSE THAT CAN DON’T HOLD MUCH WEIGHT. WHY IS THAT?

    SIMAX and its manufacturing partners offer a range of rackable plastic pallets that can carry rackable load of 1 ton. 

    WHAT ABOUT PRICING? I LIKE THE IDEA OF A DURABLE, LIGHTWEIGHT PALLET, BUT I CANNOT AFFORD TO PAY A HIGH PREMIUM OVER WOOD.

    SIMAX pallets are priced competitively with wood. In fact the prices between plastic pallets and wood are almost on par after considering fumigation costs and heat treatment costs added to wood pallets. 

    WHAT ARE THESE MATERIALS: POLYPROPYLENE AND HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE?

    These are the two common type of plastic raw materials used for the manufacturing of plastic pallet. Polypropylene (PP)  has higher tensile strength and is more suitable for racking, but it is more brittle. High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) is more flexible and is more suitable for regular re-use in warehouse and storage.

    CAN I CHOOSE THE COLOUR OF PLASTIC PALLET?

    The three common colours of plastic pallets are black, blue and green. The black colour is made from recycled PP or HDPE plastic raw materials. The blue and green colours are from virgin plastic raw materials. Black colour recycled plastic materials are cheaper and has lower strength compared to virgin materials. Although the black raw materials are recycled, the final product looks brand new. 

    Simax can produce colours meeting your corporate requirements but need a minimum run quantity of 500. If you do not need the 500 pieces, it would be costly to produce. However, Simax can arrange for company logos to be printed on the sides of the plastic pallet.

    HOW DO I RECEIVE OFFERS FROM SIMAX?

    You can sign up for a new account with SIMAX by going to www.simax.com.sg. As an account holder, you will receive e-mail notification on our regular discounts and special offers.